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Selasa, 09 Maret 2010

sejarah

Sejarah Bola Basket

Basketball was invented in December 1891 by the Canadian clergyman, educator, and physician James Naismith . Naismith introduced the game when we was an instructor at the Young Men's Christian Association Training School (now Springfield College) in Springfield, Massachusetts. Basket ditemukan pada Desember 1891 oleh pendeta Kanada, pendidik, dan dokter James Naismith. Naismith memperkenalkan permainan ketika kita adalah seorang instruktur di Young Men's Christian Association Training School (sekarang Springfield College) di Springfield, Massachusetts. At the request of his superior, Dr. Luther H. Gulick, he organized a vigorous recreation suitable for indoor winter play. Atas permintaan atasannya, Dr Luther H. Gulick, ia mengadakan rekreasi penuh semangat dalam ruangan musim dingin cocok untuk bermain. The game involved elements of American football, soccer, and hockey, and the first ball used was a soccer ball. Unsur-unsur yang terlibat dalam permainan sepak bola Amerika, sepak bola, dan hoki, dan bola pertama yang digunakan adalah sepak bola. Teams had nine players, and the goals were wooden peach baskets affixed to the walls. Tim memiliki sembilan pemain, dan tujuan-tujuan persik keranjang kayu ditempelkan di dinding. By 1897-1898, teams of five became standard. Oleh 1897-1898, tim dari lima menjadi standar. The game rapidly spread nationwide and to Canada and other parts of the world, played by both women and men; it also became a popular informal outdoor game. Permainan nasional dan menyebar dengan cepat ke Kanada dan bagian lain dunia, dimainkan oleh perempuan dan laki-laki; itu juga menjadi populer permainan luar ruangan informal. US servicemen in World War II (1939-1945) popularized the sport in many other countries. Prajurit AS dalam Perang Dunia II (1939-1945) mempopulerkan olahraga di banyak negara lain.

A number of US colleges adopted the game between about 1893 and 1895. Sejumlah perguruan tinggi AS mengadopsi permainan antara sekitar 1893 dan 1895. In 1934 the first college games were staged in New York City's Madison Square Garden, and college basketball began to attract heightened interest. Pada 1934 kuliah pertama pertandingan diselenggarakan di New York City's Madison Square Garden, dan college basketball mulai menarik minat tinggi. By the 1950s basketball had become a major college sport, thus paving the way for a growth of interest in professional basketball. Pada tahun 1950-an bola basket telah menjadi olahraga perguruan tinggi besar, sehingga membuka jalan bagi pertumbuhan minat basket profesional.

The first pro league, the National Basketball League, was formed in 1898 to protect players from exploitation and to promote a less rough game. Liga pro pertama, National Basketball League, dibentuk pada 1898 untuk melindungi pemain dari eksploitasi dan untuk mempromosikan permainan kasar yang kurang. This league only lasted five years before disbanding; its demise spawned a number of loosely organized leagues throughout the northeastern United States. Liga ini hanya berlangsung lima tahun sebelum bubar; kehancurannya melahirkan sejumlah liga terorganisir secara longgar timur laut di seluruh Amerika Serikat. One of the first and greatest pro teams was the Original Celtics, organized about 1915 in New York City. Salah satu yang pertama dan terbesar tim pro adalah Original Celtics, terorganisir tentang 1915 di New York City. They played as many as 150 games a season and dominated basketball until 1936. Mereka bermain sebanyak 150 pertandingan satu musim dan didominasi basket sampai tahun 1936. The Harlem Globetrotters, founded in 1927, a notable exhibition team, specializes in amusing court antics and expert ball handling. Harlem Globetrotters, didirikan pada tahun 1927, sebuah pameran penting tim, mengkhususkan diri dalam pengadilan lucu bola kejenakaan dan ahli penanganan.

In 1949 two subsequent professional leagues, the National Basketball League (formed in 1937) and the Basketball Association of America (1946) merged to create the National Basketball Association (NBA) . Pada tahun 1949 dua berikutnya liga profesional, National Basketball League (dibentuk tahun 1937) dan Basketball Association of America (1946) bergabung untuk membuat National Basketball Association (NBA). The Boston Celtics, led by their center Bill Russell, dominated the NBA from the late 1950s through the 1960s. Boston Celtics, yang dipimpin oleh pusat mereka Bill Russell, yang didominasi NBA dari akhir 1950-an hingga 1960-an. By the 1960s, pro teams from coast to coast played before crowds of many millions annually. Pada tahun 1960-an, pro tim dari pantai ke pantai bermain sebelum kerumunan jutaan per tahun. Wilt Chamberlain, a center for the Los Angeles Lakers, was another leading player during the era, and his battles with Russell were eagerly anticipated. Wilt Chamberlain, sebuah pusat untuk Los Angeles Lakers, pemain terkemuka lain pada zaman, dan pertempuran dengan Russell yang penuh semangat diantisipasi. Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, also a center, came to prominence during the 1970s. Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, juga pusat, datang ke menonjol selama tahun 1970-an. Jabbar perfected his famed "sky hook" shot while playing for the Los Angeles Lakers and dominated the opposition. Jabbar menyempurnakan terkenal "langit hook" ditembak saat bermain untuk Los Angeles Lakers dan mendominasi oposisi.

The NBA suffered a drop in popularity during the late 1970s, but was resuscitated, principally through the growing popularity of its most prominent players. NBA mengalami penurunan popularitas pada akhir 1970-an, tapi menghidupkan kembali, terutama melalui semakin populernya pemain yang paling menonjol. Larry Bird of the Boston Celtics, and Magic Johnson of the Los Angeles Lakers are credited with injecting excitement into the league in the 1980s through their superior skills and decade-long rivalry. Larry Bird dari Boston Celtics, dan Magic Johnson dari Los Angeles Lakers adalah penyuntikan dikreditkan dengan kegembiraan ke dalam liga pada tahun 1980 melalui keahlian unggul mereka dan persaingan selama satu dekade. During the late 1980s Michael Jordan of the Chicago Bulls rose to stardom and helped the Bulls dominate the NBA during the early 1990s. Pada akhir 1980-an Michael Jordan dari Chicago Bulls naik menjadi bintang dan membantu Bulls NBA mendominasi selama awal tahun 1990-an. A new generation of basketball stars, including Shaquille O'Neal of the Orlando Magic and Larry Johnson of the Charlotte Hornets, have sustained the NBA's growth in popularity. Sebuah generasi baru bintang basket, termasuk Shaquille O'Neal dari Orlando Magic dan Larry Johnson dari Charlotte Hornets, telah menopang pertumbuhan NBA popularitas.

In 1959 a Basketball Hall of Fame was founded in Springfield, Massachusetts. Pada tahun 1959 sebuah Basketball Hall of Fame didirikan di Springfield, Massachusetts. Its rosters include the names of great players, coaches, referees, and people who have contributed significantly to the development of the game. Its rosters termasuk nama-nama pemain hebat, pelatih, wasit, dan orang-orang yang telah memberikan kontribusi signifikan terhadap perkembangan permainan.

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